The Book of Dead Philosophers, London & New York, Vintage. Ethics- Politics-Subjectivity: Essays on Derrida, Levinas & Contemporary French Thought. The Book of Dead Philosophers | Simon Critchley | ISBN: | Kostenloser Versand für alle Bücher mit Versand und Verkauf duch Amazon. Starting-from-the-premise-that-philosophers-deaths-have-been-as-interesting-as -their-lives-the.
Ockham wrote treatises that argued for King Louis to have supreme control over church and state in the Holy Roman Empire.
Servetus was a Spanish humanist. He was a polymath versed in mathematics , astronomy and meteorology, geography, cartography, human anatomy, medicine and pharmacology, as well as jurisprudence, translation, poetry and the scholarly study of the Bible in its original languages.
He is renowned in the history of several of these fields, particularly medicine. He was the first European to correctly describe the function of pulmonary circulation.
He participated in the Protestant Reformation, and later became a Unitarian. For denying the Trinity, he was condemned by Catholics and Protestants alike.
On 4 April he was arrested by Roman Catholic authorities, and imprisoned in Vienne. Servetus escaped from prison three days later. An effigy and his books were burned in his absence.
He was arrested in Geneva and on 17 June, he was convicted of heresy , "thanks to the 17 letters sent by Jehan Calvin" and sentenced to be burned.
French Inquisitors asked that Servetus be extradited to them for execution, but Calvin preferred Servetus to be executed by Protestants.
He was burnt at the stake as a heretic on 27 October by order of the Protestant Geneva governing council. Gerolamo or Girolamo, or Geronimo Cardano ; - He wrote more than works on philosophy, medicine, mathematics , physics, religion, and music.
He formulated rules in probability, making him one of the founders of the field. He was the first mathematician to make systematic use of negative numbers.
He published the solutions to the cubic and quartic equations in his book Ars Magna. In medicine, he was the first to describe typhoid fever.
He invented several mechanical devices including the combination lock, the gimbal, and the Cardan shaft with universal joints. He claimed that deaf people were capable of using their minds, argued for the importance of teaching them, and was one of the first to state that deaf people could learn to read and write without learning how to speak first.
Cardano was accused of heresy in allegedly because he had computed and the horoscope of Jesus sixteen years earlier - but more likely because of his original and inquiring rationalist mind.
He was arrested, and spent several months in prison. He was forced to abjure his professorship but seems to have survived the Inquisition thanks to friends in high places.
Desiderius Erasmus, known as Erasmus of Rotterdam, a Dutch was a classical scholar, Renaissance humanist thinker, social critic, writer and teacher.
He was born illegitimate, his father, Gerard, being a Catholic priest and curate in Gouda. Illegitimacy was a bar to ordination, so his family had to buy an exemption for him.
Erasmus was an early proponent of religious toleration, and enjoyed the sobriquet "Prince of the Humanists"; He prepared new Latin and Greek editions of the New Testament which raised questions that would be influential in the Protestant Reformation.
He was critical of the widespread abuses within the Catholic Church. Among the chief objects of his attack in his lifelong assault on Church excesses were the tenets of life in Religious Orders.
Members of the Catholic Counter-Reformation movement often condemned Erasmus as having "laid the egg that hatched the Reformation.
Dolet was a French scholar, translator and printer. While studying Law at Toulouse University, he was thrown into prison and finally banished by a decree of the parliament - apparently for his religious views.
Dolet was criticised by Catholics and Protestants alike, partly because of his anti-Trinitarian views and partially because of his advocacy of rationalism, which the Churches saw as anti-Christian.
His enemies succeeded in imprisoning him in on the charge of atheism. After imprisonment for fifteen months, he was released. He escaped from a further imprisonment in Piedmont in by his own ingenuity, but, venturing back to Paris, he was again arrested, and branded as a relapsed atheist by the theological faculty of the Sorbonne.
He was first tortured, then on 3 August , he was strangled and burned in the Place Maubert. It was his 37th birthday. His goods were confiscated, so his widow and children were reduced to beggary.
Bernardino Telesio - Telesio was an Italian philosopher and natural scientist. His emphasis on observation made him the "first of the moderns" who eventually developed the scientific method.
He studied classics, science and philosophy, which constituted the curriculum of the Renaissance savants. Like other philosophers he attacked the medieval Aristotelianism and scholasticism.
Telesio writes in De Rerum Natura that "the construction of the world and the magnitude of the bodies contained within it, and the nature of the world, is to be searched for not by reason as was done by the ancients, but is to be understood by means of observation.
This statement summarizes Telesian philosophy. His views aroused the anger of the Church not least because of his rationalism, and his compelling arguments against Aristotelianism.
He also made no distinction between superlunar and sublunar physics, as the Church did at the time. He also reasoned that if the soul is influenced by material conditions then the soul must have a material existence.
He was a major influence in the development of scientific and philosophical empiricism - and is thus a major figure in the history of philosophy.
A short time after his death his books were placed on the Index. Pierre Charron - Charron was a French 16th-century Catholic theologian and philosopher, and a disciple and contemporary of Michel Montaigne.
After studying law he became a priest, rising to become a canon. He promoted a number of ideas that could easily have lead to his arrest by the Church authorities, including the impossibility of an immaterial soul and criticisms of superstition.
He managed to retain the patronage of powerful sympathisers, and so escaped imprisonment, and execution for voicing his original ideas.
He died suddenly of a stroke in , as his works, especially his sceptical book, De la sagess , which considered anti-rational aspects of Christianity, were receiving renewed attention.
Today, Charron is regarded as a founder of modern secularism. Bruno was an Italian Dominican friar, philosopher, mathematician and astronomer. He developed and wrote about mnemonic systems which enabled him to perform prodigious feats of memory.
Although the techniques were clearly documented, some of his contemporaries attributed them to magical powers. He was an outstanding scholar, teaching in many of the leading European universities.
He spent most of his life under suspicion and was arrested by the Church authorities. Among the numerous charges of blasphemy and heresy brought against him in Venice, was his belief in the plurality of worlds.
Bruno defended himself skillfully. The Roman Inquisition asked for his transferal to Rome. After several months the Venetian authorities consented and Bruno was sent to Rome in February Bruno proposed that the Sun was essentially a star, and, that other stars were solar systems, with an infinite number of inhabited worlds populated by other intelligent beings.
He also held that matter was the essentially the same throughout the universe, made up of discrete atoms and obeying the same physical laws.
In technical terms, Bruno's cosmology is marked by infinitude, homogeneity, and isotropy, with planetary systems distributed evenly throughout - all of which contradicted Church teaching.
In addition his ideas were distinctly Pantheistic. Furthermore, a copy of the banned writings of Erasmus, annotated by Bruno, had been discovered.
He was imprisoned for seven years in Rome, during his trial. Some important documents about the trial are mysteriously "lost", but a summary of the proceedings was rediscovered in The numerous charges against Bruno, based on some of his books as well as on witness accounts, included blasphemy, immoral conduct, and heresy in matters of dogmatic theology, philosophy and cosmology.
The charges reduced to:. The Roman Inquisition issued a sentence of death. On February 17, in the Campo de' Fiori, a central Roman market square, "his tongue imprisoned because of his wicked words" he was burned at the stake.
His ashes were dumped into the Tiber river. All of his works were placed on the Index Librorum Prohibitorum in Pomponio Algerio was a civil law student at the University of Padua whose pholosophical ideas attracted the attention of the Roman Inquisition.
Among other ideas he believed that. This Church deviates in many things from truth. After a year in prison, he still refused to recant. In Rome, on August 21, , a monk visited Pomponio in his cell urging him to repent.
If he repented, he would be strangled before burning. The year-old student refused, and an alternative method of torture-execution was found that did not involve the shedding of blood.
On 22 August 22, Algerio was executed in the Piazza Navona. Maintaining his composure while he was boiled in oil.
He remained alive for 15 minutes. Vanini was an Italian freethinker, who in his works styled himself Giulio Cesare Vanini. He studied philosophy, theology, medicine and astronomy.
Like Giordano Bruno, he showed up the weaknesses of scholasticism Church philosophy. He became a priest and a teacher, travelling around Europe, always under suspicion for his views.
He wrote against atheism , apparently in an attempt to allay suspicion about his unconventional beliefs. He began to teach in Toulouse.
In November , aged 33, he was arrested, and after a trial was condemned to have his tongue cut out, and to be strangled at the stake, his body to be afterwards burned to ashes.
The sentence was carried out on 9 February In , he was appointed to the chair of mathematics in Pisa.
Galileo made significant discoveries in fundamental science as well as applied science. He played a major role in the Scientific Revolution and has been called the "father of modern observational astronomy", the "father of modern physics", and "the Father of Modern Science".
His contributions to observational astronomy - all of which undermined the Church's cosmology - include the telescopic confirmation of the phases of Venus, the discovery of the four largest satellites of Jupiter named the Galilean moons in his honour , and the observation and analysis of sunspots.
Galileo also worked in applied science and technology, inventing an improved military compass and other instruments.
For advocating a more realistic cosmology, he was tried by the Roman Inquisition , in , The sentence of the Inquisition was delivered on June It was in three essential parts:.
Had he not been a friend of the Pope, or if he had not abjured his views, he would undoubtedly have been burned at the stake, like Bruno a few years earlier.
Cesare Cremonin i - , Cremonini, sometimes known as Cesare Cremonino was an Italian professor of natural philosophy, supporting rationalism and Aristotelian materialism within the scholastic tradition.
These two views were anathema to the Church as they were seem as opposing revelation and dualist immortality of the soul.
Jesuits in Venice accused him of materialism and therefore atheism and then their accusations to Rome. He was prosecuted in by the Roman Inquisition for atheism and the Averroist heresy of "double truth".
Because Padua was then under tolerant Venetian rule, he was kept out of reach of the Inquisition , so avoided trial. He is an outstanding example of the effect of the Church on freethinking philosophers of the period.
Although recognised as a brilliant mind, he made almost no contribution to modern science or philosophy, and is mainly remembered as one of the scholars who refused to look through Galileo's telescope.
John Locke Famous For: His part on the idea of the social contract theory was one he shared with Sir Francis Bacon.
The likes of Rousseau, Voltaire, even American revolutionaries have been influenced by his writings. He also offered the theory of mind wherein he states that knowledge is something you are not born with, but learn and experience.
Simone de Beauvoir Famous For: Jean-Jacques Rousseau Famous For: General Will and the moral simplicity of humanity The political philosophy of Rousseau became the basis of the French Revolution.
His ideas not only influenced nations, his work is reflected in the modern thinking in regards to education, political, and sociological matters. Two of his books, Discourse on the Origin of Inequality and On the Social Contract have had its effect on social and political thinking.
Adam Smith Famous For: His ideas in the areas of moral philosophy and economics have been studied throughout the years, and still is.
Aristotle — BC Famous For: He was a student of Plato and teacher to Alexander the great. Nicomachean Ethics is one of the treatises that Aristotle wrote.
He believed that ethics should be applied practically, not merely theorizing it. Francis Bacon Famous For: In addition to being a philosopher, Bacon was likewise an author, jurist, statesman, orator, and scientist.
Gottfried Leibniz Famous For: Law of Continuity, Monads, and the Transcendental Law of Homogeneity Gottfried Wilhelm von Leibniz holds a special place in the annals of philosophy and mathematics.
As a mathematician, he refined the use of infinitesimal calculus. He also presented the Law of Continuity. Confucius BC Famous For: He was a voracious writer for which includes the Five Classics in Chinese literature.
He believed that proper moral behavior is best practiced, than morality being made a rule. His book Meditations of First Philosophy is still being used.
The influence of these ideas is evident in present day thinking on the subject of ethics, epistemology, aesthetics, politics, and metaphysics.
Albert Camus Famous For: Lewis Famous For: Lewis was an academic scholar and Christian apologist. Tolkien were friends and part of the English department at Oxford.
Hannah Arendt Famous For: Thomas Hobbes Famous For: This English philosopher wrote in the mid 17th century, Leviathan , which laid the groundwork for the introduction of the social contract theory.
One of his essays has been labeled as the ideal of philosophy, the essay is entitled On Denoting. The British wanted to go against idealism, Russell was their leader.
Jean-Paul Sartre Famous For: He applied his ideals on other areas of his life. This display of the divine character and glory will be in favor of the redeemed, and most entertaining, and give the highest pleasure to those who love God, and raise their happiness to ineffable heights.
Should this eternal punishment and this fire be extinguished, it would in a great measure obscure the light of heaven and put an end to a great part of the happiness and glory of the blessed.
What kind of sick man could get the highest pleasure from seeing a cruel God doing his cruel work on billions and even on many he knows and loves? He makes the saints in Heaven be deprived of qualities God has given to us, sympathy, pity, love for others, caring for others; and made them to be cruel monsters that delight in the pain of others, and loves to hear the groans of those they now love, and the groans of the countless millions of the lost.
Sadly, there is much, much more in Traditional theological literature which has ridiculous statements like those of Samuel Hoskins. His heart is in the right place but sadly he still believes in eternal torture.
So I ask, why do some Christians seem so upset if the lost are not tortured forever? But that is not the only problem with the eternal torment view.
How can we read about a God who says over and over again in scripture that he is "Just" and wants fairness among his people; commands an "eye for an eye and tooth for tooth" and then Himself tortures these same people mercilessly for not ten's of years, not hundred's of years, not million's or years, not billion's of years, not trillion's of years, not eons, but eternity.
God has been made so cruel, and this doctrine is so unthinkable that it has probably created more atheists, and caused more weak believers to fall away than any other false teaching.
The dread of Hell has caused misery and mental anguish to countless millions and instead of the horror of hell turning many to God Pinnock picks up on this theme as well:.
Let me say at the outset that I consider the concept of hell as endless torment in body and mind an outrageous doctrine, a theological and moral enormity, a bad doctrine of the tradition which needs to be changed.
How can Christians possibly project a deity of such cruelty and vindictiveness whose ways include inflicting everlasting torture upon His creatures, however sinful they may have been?
Surely a God who would do such a thing is more nearly like Satan than like God, at least by any ordinary moral standards, and by the gospel itself.
How can we possibly preach that God has so arranged things that a number of his creatures perhaps a large number predestined to that fate will undergo in a state of complete consciousness physical and mental agony through unending time?
Is this not a most disturbing concept which needs some second thoughts? Surely the God and Father of our Lord Jesus Christ is no fiend; torturing people without end is not what our God does.
Does the one who told us to love our enemies intend to wreak vengeance on his own enemies for all eternity?
My first difficulty with the Traditional view is that it seems to impugn the character of God. I kept asking myself, "How could a God of grace, mercy and love torment the vast majority of humanity eternally?
The concept of eternal torment seems to convert the true God of justice into a cosmic sadist. The Reality of Hell , Dr. However consider the alternative.
If millions of these aborted precious little ones were left to go to full term and then birth, ALL would grow up to be sinners and the majority would probably never accept Jesus as adults.
Jesus Himself said most people would never find the way, "broad is the way, that leadeth to destruction and many there be which go in there at" Matthew 7: Therefore, the majority of these people if left to full term would be tormented forever.
That means if there is a choice of momentary pain for them abortion or eternal torture facing them, then abortion would be best. This point needs to be repeated over and over again.
Those who consider themselves "pro-life" really need to reconsider the logic of their positions if they believe in eternal torture.
What happens to aborted babies? I heard a preacher on the radio say that they go to heaven and grow to adulthood and become the person they should have been.
If that is so, abortionists apparently have been responsible for the salvation of more people than most evangelists combined.
Though they meant it for harm, it turned out for good. If most people go to hell, how can we complain if aborted babies bypass this life of carnal sinful flesh and go directly to heaven?
If eternal torment is true, then he is correct - abortion is best. And Pro-Life is the best! Don't you have to redefine every single one of these words in order to get eternal torment as the final fate of the unsaved?
Again, William West summarizes this point beautifully when he states:. The present definitions of words must be destroyed and new definitions given.
The new definitions end up being the opposite of the old definition, death is no longer death; it is eternal life in Hell.
No other book in the world uses these words this way. Did God use words in a way that would be a deliberate misleading of mankind?
They are not used with these meaning in our everyday language. When we say anything, a plaint, animal or person is dead, we do not mean that plaint, animal or person is alive and being tormented.
Death and destruction must be made to mean one thing when it is a plaint or animal that is dead and another when it is a person that is dead. I somehow missed the revelation by which they know this.
Where is the book, chapter and verse for it? Is there any word God could have used that they would not say "it does not mean what it says"?
To translate black as white is nothing to this. Those who wrongly believe in immortality for all from birth must reinterpret the Bible to say:. There are no mortals and could never be a mortal if all men are created immortal.
Are they really teaching the Bible when they corrupt it into saying the opposite of what it really says, or teaching what they want the Bible to say?
There is a gift we get from believing the gospel; it is called "everlasting life" John 3: If all souls are born immortal, then why are we encouraged to seek it?
Why would Jesus offer us an opportunity to "live forever," if we all live forever? Believers will live forever. How much more abundant can you get?
In 1 Timothy 6: And 1 Corinthians Virtually every important doctrine has its roots in the Old Testament and is taught in typology or symbols there.
Where is this taught in symbols? Was the lamb of Exodus tortured forever? Were any of the sacrifices tortured forever?
No, the sacrifices were eventually turned to ashes. Yet no single indication of it is discoverable in the writings of Moses.
Notice, Peter says two things about the fate of the ungodly:. William West states this more of these thoughts most forcefully:.
God told Adam in the day he ate he would die. He was not told that after his death he would be subjected to endless torment.
His sin was the first murder, which, by most, is believed to be the greatest of all sins. What was his punishment?
His punishment was that he was to be a fugitive and a vagabond in his lifetime on the earth. Not one word about any punishment after his death.
The punishment for anyone who killed Cain would be seven times greater than the punishment of Cain. How could anything be seven times greater than eternal torture?
Genesis 13 and Peter states that they are an example 2 Peter 2: Not one word was said about a curse after this lifetime. It would be past comprehension that God would give them such detail of what would happen to them in this lifetime and say nothing of the unending pain He was going to forever heap on them.
Again, the same thing is said in another evangelical commentary:. There is no doctrine of hell i. If eternal torment is the fate of most of mankind, then why is no single indication of it is discoverable in the writings of Moses?
How could this statement be true if God was planning to torture them eternally? Did God really overlook this then?
Moses said nothing of eternal torture. Edward Fudge beings up this excellent point. For the New Testament is quite clear that Jesus not only died but that He died because of sin and in the place of sinners.
Yet what is this suffering and glory if not the eschatological judgment of God Jesus not only died "for sin"; He died in the very place of sinners.
That is what Peter meant in saying that Jesus "bare our sins in His own body. From the very first the wages of sin was death, and Jesus underwent the very same sentence pronounced in the primal Garden.
But certainly this is unthinkable for a sinless One. Therefore Paul states triumphantly, "And being found in fashion as a man, he humbled himself, and became obedient unto death, even the death of the cross.
Wherefore God also hath highly exalted him, and given him a name which is above every name" Philippians 2: The point being, Jesus was sinless and therefore God raised Him from the dead.
His body's death was not eternal. It is called the "second death" in scripture. After the Resurrection, the death of the body and soul together is called the second death.
David Regan who changed to Conditional Immortality after studying it correctly notes:. Finally, to me personally, the most convincing of all arguments against the Traditionalist viewpoint relates to what Jesus Himself suffered on the Cross.
Our sins were placed upon Him. He took the punishment we deserve. And what was that punishment? It was extreme suffering followed by death.
If Jesus did not suffer the full penalty for our sins, then our debt has not been paid. This is the most quoted verse in the Bible and also one of the clearest accounts on the destruction of the wicked.
John didn't write that. The way most churches interpret John 3: Because he was not teaching it at all. That is the common usage of "apollumi" as "destroy" in the New Covenant writings.
It will be destroyed. It is clear here. This is exactly what is said in the article above entitled " Why rarely cited Isaiah Jesus, when speaking of Gehennah hell quotes this verse in Isaiah.
Malachi tells us the same Malachi 4: Paul fully proclaimed the whole counsel of God by plainly declaring:. That they are like worthless land that will "in the end If words have any meaning at all then this is what we must conclude.
Allow me to add that if Jesus supposedly preached eternal torture, as many contend, then Paul would have certainly backed it up.
This phrase is always used in scripture when people are in danger of facing death, not eternal torture.
If "death" really means "living eternally separated" from God and it does not , then death really will exist forever.
However, in Revelation However, if most human beings are facing eternal torment, then how ridiculous of a statement is this?
Yet Yeshua Jesus reserves this statement for only the most vile of sinners. This seems to indicate that even for the lost, whom God would rather to have been saved , it is still better to have been born and then lost life than to never have been born.
In other words, God is so good, that at least they got a chance to live a short period of time. Ruminate this argument in your mind over and over again and it will clearly show the goodness of God.
According to Hebrews Religion is the human attempt to connect with God, whereas Christianity is God connecting with humanity through Christ.
Here are a few more examples:. As you can plainly see, the Biblical fact that God is going to destroy his human enemies by a consuming fire at the second death perfectly coincides with how God has dealt with his human enemies throughout history.
This is testimony to the unchanging, consistent character of God see Psalm Of course it would. The reviews below were taken from Edward Fudge's own web site www.
I place them here only for you to see as items of interest. If you visit his web site, you will see that he is acquainted with best selling author Max Lucado.
In his more than 45 years as a pastor, teacher and lecturer, Edward Fudge has written and published numerous books and articles.
In the mids, he began his pursuit of a law degree, which he earned from the University of Houston Law Center in What is called for, rather, is the fellowship of patient Bible study, the fruit of which Mr.
He makes his main points with force and persuasiveness. Walvoord expressly disagrees with the conclusions of this book.
Also to be noted, in , the then most recent global evangelism "Lausanne Conference" approved a revised Statement of Faith to allow for Conditional Immortality.
Hello, my name is John and I have been a pastor of several small Baptist Churches in the past. Eventually I got into other lines of work.
I have been thinking about getting back into the ministry if possible lately Part of the problem is that I have been feeling for a couple of years that I am not close to God like I should be.
At times I feel upset with God. I finally realized that the reason is that the doctrine of hell is making me feel that either God is not truly a God of love Either way this represents a serious crisis of faith.
The logical inconsistency at times seems to be driving me almost insane. The doctrine of hell as understood by tradition and by most in my churches has been bothering me daily for most of my life.
Because of my training I know a little about Greek and about church history and about Jewish and Greek and Roman tradition.
So I can tell that you are correct in most, if not all of your arguments. I am beginning to think that what you are teaching is really the truth.
I feel a great sense of hope that my attitude toward God will begin to improve as I begin to understand Him better.
Keep up the good work and I will try to study the subject more. Thank you for your work and may God bless you. Just want to say thanks for your huge article on hell.
I came to your site through a forum run by one who takes the Traditional view on hell. These sisters actually men is elaborate drag essentially mocked God and the Lord Jesus Christ by encouraging lascivious and offensive behavior, and even had a "sexy Jesus" contest, not at all befitting to the Son of Man.
My quest led me into the darkest spiritual prison imaginable, and consumed my every waking moment. This warped view created in me a sense of anxiety and paranoia I've never known before.
I even had thoughts about leaving my family and moving into the woods so i would get away from all the ungodly people i was around, including family.
I had terrible thoughts that my daughter might be better off dead, because God wouldn't allow an innocent child to burn in hell for all of eternity.
I thought of departed family members roasting in the lake of fire because they were Catholics, and all Catholics were deceived by false doctrines, and therefore by extension were worthy of eternal torment.
Out of desperation, i tried to correct my sinking ship by doing good works and praying often, which is certainly a good thing and something I'll continue doing for the rest of my life.
However, the huge difference is that i was previously doing it not so much out of love although i told myself this , but out of sheer terror. I was en route to the loony bin, suicide or heart attack if i continued.
My family was scared of the monster that i had become- albeit a softly spoken monster, but one nonetheless. I finally decided to search out opposing positions, because i just could not believe that a loving God would allow the majority of those that ever lived to be subjected to an eternity of horrible pain.
That's when i found your site and book. My anxiety slowly started to dissipate, i was able to eat again, i no longer scared everyone in my family, and i started to develop a genuine love for our merciful heavenly father.
Thanks for listening and God be with you,. Thank you for an awesome and thorough site on this subject. I've believed this for years after coming to the truth through Fudge's book in part but mainly just sitting down with a bible and a concordance.
Much prayer and study made it obvious. The Body of Christ needs this. It has certainly made me more evangelistic and love God more knowing this important truth.
Keep up the fine work. Blessings to you and all holding and sharing this! I came across this website a few weeks ago as I started researching the topic of hell, whether it's eternal torment or eternal destruction.
At first I stood firm in my belief about hell being eternal torment, but it started to sink more in my head of the simple clarity of the words death and destruction for the unsaved.
It intrigued me and I began doing more research online. Your website is the most well-done one I have come across so far and have thoroughly enjoyed learning from it and I often go back to re-read sections or get references.
It's comforting to know that there are other Christians out there who believe in this. Eternal torment has always disturbed me and honestly has always been something I hated about God, even though I love my Savior, and eventually caused me to distance myself from Him several years ago after having my first child.
My son was the most precious thing to me and it infuriated me even more that God would allow souls to be born just to be tormented forever if they ended up not choosing Christ before dying, and that I didn't hold the fate of my son's soul in my hands.
One day as I pondered this matter and was thinking bitterly to God about it, I felt His amazing love once again, just like He always shows it, and felt this great sense of peace and Him telling me that I didn't need to worry, that He is God.
I felt so relieved even though I didn't understand, and little did I know that about a year later He would prompt me to step outside of my Traditional box and dare to learn from someone else's perspective.
Your website is very easy to read and understand Makes far more sense now. Growing up I do remember always finding it very odd that Jesus" death on the cross took the place of mine, because in the back of my head, I was like, but his dying was a few hours of agony, certainly not eternity in torment.
And I always found it odd that death actually meant a continual state of dying. Thank the Lord for your website. I will enjoy getting to meet you someday in eternity: You helped change the way that I will now be sharing part of the Gospel to others.
Thanks so much for your site. My love for God has dramatically increased! Now I'm able to have more confidence in telling others about God's love and that He doesn't torture people forever in hell even though eternal destruction is not to be taken light with.
Thanks for solidly biblically refuting the Traditional view on hell. I felt a sense of relief when you addressed Revelation Again thanks very much for your efforts.
Fudge's book was pivotal in helping me understand this true doctrine. I am very glad that I came upon your site.
I came to the same conclusion a few years ago after losing my grandfather who was a devout Catholic. I began to research the subject to really find out that no one except our Lord has immortality, and that this is the gift that He promises to those who believe in His beloved Son.
But I find it extremely hard that most people who claim to believe in the word of God embrace so many false doctrines.
It is also difficult because they believe that what I share is something new, and pretty much suggest that I sound like a heretic, propagating false doctrines.
I feel at peace with God now more than ever knowing more of his true nature, and this gives me the boldness that I never had before, because even tough I believed the Bible, I always had this burden about this doctrine that I could not get rid of.
I just wish that I could meet believers of like mind on this issue. If you know of any groups of believers like this I would appreciate if you could let me know who they are.
Thank you so much for your website and for the wealth of solid biblical insight you have given. I grew up attending several different denominations of Christian churches, and I was taught the Traditional view of hell.
All the churches I have attended as an adult have taught the Traditional view. I've always wondered why the word, "perish" didn't actually mean "perish" or "be destroyed.
Now I know I was right to question these things. Paul never preached about eternal torment, only of the gift of eternal life one could receive by putting their faith in Jesus.
How sad it is that so many people only hear of a God that will send them to hell where He will torment them eternally instead of the God who gives eternal life as a gift because of His great love.
Most bks about hell teach the Traditional view. As I trusted his view on prophecy I have decided to check it out for myself.
I have read all of hell-know-I'm looking up the passages still-excellent stuff. I'd read Isaiah I can see that we haven't quite left the dark ages yet; we are in need of a second reformation.
May this article put us a big step closer to the end of the dark night we are in. Congratulations on your excellent site! I came to the same conclusion through personal study.
I don't understand why the majority of believers either can't or don't want to believe this message. The Traditional teaching on Hell lead me away from Christianity when I was younger, but I am now beginning to see the truth.
To read more visitor comments: Please visit our Guestbook. For many more articles on the Biblical Doctrine of Conditional Immortality visit: Edward has just released his latest book on the topic called Hell: It can be found on Amazon.
Also, a full length motion picture movie was just made about his life. It is called Hell and Mr. A Case for Conditional Immortality.
Eternal Torment or Complete Annihilation? To contact Please send an email to:. You will get a reply within 48 hours hopefully. A brief word to any unbelievers in Yeshua Jesus If you are not a believer and have happened to stumble onto this site, I would urge you to first of all realize that God is Holy.