Australian football

australian football

Die Australian Football League (AFL) ist die höchste Spielklasse des Australian Football in Australien und die einzige Profiliga in dieser Sportart. In der AFL. März In allen anderen Staaten und Territorien, allen voran im kleinsten Bundesstaat Victoria, ist hingegen Australian Football der “sport to be”. Die AFLG ist die deutsche Liga für Australian Football, auch Footy genannt. Footy ist der australische Nationalsport, der auch in Deutschland von immer mehr. Zehn der 18 Vereine kommen immer noch aus Victoria, neun davon aus Melbourne und den Vororten dieser Stadt. Hinzu kommen bis zu drei development rookies, zu denen u. Die Saison findet von März bis September statt. Finanzschwächere Vereine werden gelegentlich in kommerziell ergiebigere Pfründen delegiert. Die genaue verbleibende Zeit ist am Spielende weder den Spielern noch den Zuschauern bekannt, sie wissen lediglich dass sie x Minuten in der Nachspielzeit sind und können vermuten wann die Schlusssirene durch den Zeitnehmer ausgelöst wird. Am Ende der Saison erhält der Tabellenerste den Ligapokal. Vor allem drei Sportarten buhlen dabei um die Aufmerksamkeit der Zuschauer: Falls der Ball die Seitenlinie boundary line überquert, gibt es zwei Möglichkeiten. Werfen ist in den Regeln sehr weit ausgelegt. September um Christmas Surf Camp — Weihnachten in Australien erleben 7.

The night game between St Kilda and Sydney was played in front of a crowd of 22, on Anzac Day to honour the Anzac bond between the two countries.

A national women's league comprising a subset of AFL clubs began in Thirteen AFL clubs placed bids to participate in the women's competition.

Port Adelaide won the game by 72 points. The AFL operates on a single table system, with no divisions and conferences, nor promotion and relegation from other leagues.

Over the next century, a series of expansions, a relocation, a merger and a club withdrawal saw the leagues teams expand to the 18 teams there are today.

In , the national nature of the competition resulted in the name change to the Australian Football League. Tasmania , Australian Capital Territory , and Northern Territory are the only states or mainland territories not to have AFL clubs although games are regularly played in each of those areas.

The current 18 teams are based across 5 states of Australia. The majority 10 still remain in Victoria, including nine teams located in the Melbourne metropolitan area.

It last competed in and withdrew because, as a strictly amateur club, it became unable to remain competitive in a time when player payments were becoming common; [30] [31] the club still competes to this day in the Victorian Amateur Football Association VAFA.

However, after coming out of financial administration in , Fitzroy resumed its playing operations in and currently competes in the VAFA. Below are the venues used during the AFL season.

Prior to the expansion of the competition, most grounds were located in suburban Melbourne, with Princes Park , Victoria Park , the Junction Oval , Waverley Park , and the Lake Oval each having hosted over games.

AFL players are drawn from a number of sources; however, most players enter the league through the AFL draft , held at the end of each season.

A small number of players have converted from other sports, or been recruited internationally. Prior to the nationalisation of the competition, a zoning system was in place.

At the end of the season, the best 22 players and coach from across the competition are selected in the All-Australian team. The AFL has tight controls over the player lists of each club.

Currently, apart from the recently added expansion clubs who have some additional players, each team can have a senior list of 38 to 40 players plus 4 to 6 rookie players , to a total of 44 players [38] following a reduction by two of the number of rookies in and up to three development rookies international, alternate talent or New South Wales scholarship players.

A mid-year draft was conducted between and The draft order is based on reverse-finishing position from the previous year, but selections can be traded.

As part of the AFL's enhanced equalisation policies, in the league announced an increase of the TPP for the and seasons. Both the salary cap and salary floor has increased substantially since the competition was rebranded as the AFL in Salaries of draft selections are fixed for two years.

The breaches of the salary cap and salary floor regulations outlined by the AFL are: The most significant breach of the salary cap was that of the Carlton Football Club in the early s.

There were players on AFL club senior, veteran, rookie and international lists in , including players from every state and mainland territory of Australia.

There were 12 players recruited from outside Australia on AFL lists in , including 10 from Ireland, all converts from Gaelic football drafted as part of the Irish Experiment , and one each from the United States and Canada.

There were also another five overseas-born players who emigrated to Australia at an early age on AFL lists.

An international rookie list and international scholarship list were introduced in The international rookie list includes up to two players between the ages of 15 and 23 who are not Australian citizens.

These players may remain on this list for up to three years before they must be transferred to the senior or rookie list.

For the first year, payments made to international-rookie-listed players fall outside the salary cap. The international scholarship list gives AFL clubs the option of recruiting up to eight players from outside Australia other than Ireland.

Irish players are required to either be placed on clubs' senior or rookie lists. Of the multicultural players, more than half have one parent from Anglophone countries, mainly the United Kingdom, Ireland and New Zealand.

From until , the AFL ran a pre-season competition that finished prior to the commencement of the premiership season, which served as both warm-up matches for the season and as a stand-alone competition.

It was mostly contested as a four-week knock out tournament , but the format changed after the expansion of the league beyond sixteen clubs in The competition has frequently been used to trial rule changes.

In , the competition format was abandoned, and practice matches are now played under the sponsored name JLT Community Series.

This consists of all 18 clubs playing three matches each, which are played on some weekdays and weekends, throughout February and early March.

The game is played on soccer -sized pitches and features seven players a side and three interchange players , two ten-minute halves and other rules designed to speed up the game.

The AFL home-and-away season at present lasts for 23 rounds, starting in late March and ending in early September. As of the AFL season , each team plays 22 matches, with one bye.

Teams receive four premiership points for a win and two premiership points for a draw. Ladder finishing positions are based on the number of premiership points won, and "percentage" calculated as the ratio of points scored to points conceded throughout the season is used as a tie-breaker when teams finish with equal premiership points.

At the end of the home-and-away season, the McClelland Trophy is awarded to the minor premiers. Some rounds of the season are named as themed rounds, such as Rivalry Round in which traditional rivals are matched up against each other , Women's Round and Heritage Round where teams play in old style guernseys.

Some matches are also themed for special events. For example, each year Collingwood play Essendon in the annual Anzac Day clash at the MCG and the game will typically sell out regardless of the positions of the two teams on the ladder due to their strong rivalry and huge followings.

Another annual match is the Queen's Birthday game between Melbourne and Collingwood. As of [update] , Richmond and Essendon play in the Dreamtime at the 'G match.

There are separate trophies for the matches between several clubs and former rivalries such as the Lake Trophy between St Kilda and the Sydney Swans.

The top eight teams at the end of the AFL Premiership season compete in a four-week finals series throughout September, culminating in a grand final to determine the premiers.

The finals series is played under the AFL final eight system , and the grand final is traditionally played at the Melbourne Cricket Ground on the afternoon of the last Saturday in September.

The winning team receives a silver premiership cup, a navy blue premiership flag — a new one of each is manufactured each year — and is recorded on the perpetual E.

The flag has been presented since the league began and is traditionally unfurled at the team's first home game of the following season.

Other independent best and fairest awards are presented by different football and media organisations.

Since the naming of this side, most AFL clubs have nominated their own teams of the century. Since there has been no official state representation for AFL players, despite the concept being well supported among fans and calls to re-introduce a State of Origin series.

VFL players first represented the Victoria representative team in regardless of their state of origin. Being the dominant league drawing many of the country's best players, the Victoria Australian rules football team nicknamed the "Big V" and composed mostly of VFL players dominated interstate matches until the introduction of State of Origin selection criteria by the Australian Football Council in , after which Victoria's results with the other main Australian football states became more even.

The AFL Commission assumed control of interstate football in and co-ordinated an annual State of Origin series typically held during a mid-season bye round.

However, after the series, the AFL declared the concept of interstate football "on hold" citing club's unwillingness to release star players and a lack of public interest and shifted its focus of representative football to the International Rules Series where it draws a greater television revenue.

The last time AFL players played formal interstate football was in the State of Origin Series when Victoria inflicted a massive defeat on South Australia in wet conditions in front of a crowd of 26, Just 10 years earlier, the same match with a plethora of star players attracted a crowd of 91, A once-off representative match, known as the AFL Hall of Fame Tribute Match was played in to celebrate the th anniversary of the sport.

The match was played between a team of players of Victorian origin and a team of players of interstate origin the " Dream Team ".

Some past AFL players participate and help promote the E. The game itself is a hybrid sport , consisting of rules from both Australian football and Gaelic football.

The series provides the only outlet for AFL players to represent their nation. It was established in December , and then granted almost unilateral administrative control over the league in , [60] after the club parochialism and self-interest which came with the traditional club delegate based administrative structure threatened to undermine the competition.

In addition to administering the national competition, the AFL is heavily involved in promoting and developing the sport in Australia.

It provides funds for local leagues and in conjunction with local clubs, administers the Auskick program for young boys and girls. The AFL also plays a leading role in developing the game outside Australia, with projects to develop the game at junior level in other countries e.

South Africa and by supporting affiliated competitions around the world See Australian football around the world. The AFL was the best-attended sporting league in Australia in , [61] and averaged 33, people per game over the season, giving AFL the 4th highest average attendance figures of any professional sport in the world.

At the end of the season, a record , people were members of an AFL club. AFL matches are currently broadcast in Australia by the free-to-air Seven Network , subscription television provider Foxtel , and digital content provider Telstra.

The six-year deal which was announced on August covers the inclusive - seasons. The Seven Network usually broadcasts three matches from every round within the season, exceptions being the Easter round 2 and Anzac round 5 rounds in which five matches are aired on the free-to-air television channel.

Telstra provides live match access through the AFL Live app and official full match replays through the app and website via a purchasable AFL Live Pass, free for certain Telstra mobile customers.

Foxtel also broadcasts every match through their Fox Footy channels, including simulcasts from the Seven Network except for the Grand Final, which is aired exclusively on Channel Seven.

Foxtel also has the rights to air rounds on their internet protocol television platform titled Foxtel Now.

The VFL season was the first broadcast after the commencement of television in Australia introduced in to coincide with the Melbourne Olympic Games.

However, in the late s and early s, the VFL was concerned that direct telecasts may affect attendances and stations were only permitted to telecast a delayed replay of the last quarter of games.

The only year Seven did not telecast games was , when the rights were bought by Broadcom, which on-sold the rights to the Australian Broadcasting Corporation ABC.

The exclusive rights were won back by Seven in With the launch of subscription television in Australia, AFL match coverage commenced on cable television.

C7 Sport became available in regional areas not in the Foxtel or Optus Vision licence area via Austar soon after the re-launch. Seven had purchased a guaranteed right to make the last bid in , [66] but decided not to outbid their rivals.

Foxtel set up its own version of a dedicated AFL-only channel, the Fox Footy Channel , which showed every game on replay during the week as well as many news, talkback and general interest shows related to Australian rules football.

After lengthy negotiations, Foxtel agreed to be a broadcast partner and now showed four live matches each week, although no longer on a dedicated AFL channel.

Foxtel showed two games on Saturday and two on Sunday, including a late afternoon or twilight game. Telstra would broadcast all matches via mobile, and Seven would broadcast three live matches Friday Night, Saturday Night, and Sunday Afternoon and one delayed match Saturday Afternoon.

Seven also had the option to on-sell one game a week to either Nine or Ten; this did not happen. Under the terms of the deal, Seven broadcasts at least three live matches per round as well as all Finals matches, whilst Foxtel broadcasts or simulcasts Seven's feed all nine matches per round, as well as all Finals bar the Grand Final, which is exclusively broadcast by Seven.

Telstra continues to maintain exclusive mobile broadcast rights to all matches. In the early s, Prime Network , an American regional sports network unrelated to the Australian regional television network , aired Seven's weekly highlight show as well as the Grand Final.

Some other English speaking countries have shown the game, however it has been since that channels in other countries began televising matches.

In , after the record domestic television rights deal, the AFL secured an additional bonus: The deal ended early in when Setanta stopped broadcasting into Great Britain.

ESPN again took up the contract. The following countries are ranked by the approximate extent of their current television coverage and whether it is free to air:.

Although no professional leagues or teams exist outside Australia, the AFL has stated that it wishes to showcase Australian rules football to other countries such as India , China and South Africa so as to create a global following thus creating more exposure for its sponsors in the increasing Asian and African markets.

The first commentator was Wallace Jumbo Shallard , a former Geelong player who went on to have a long and respected career in print and broadcast media.

At this time, the only alternative that radio listeners had to listening to the football on a Saturday afternoon were the classical music and fine arts programs that were broadcast by 3LO.

The AFL also provides exclusive broadband content including streaming video for international fans via its website.

Bigpond also hosts the official websites of all the 18 AFL clubs. The service is also provided to international subscribers. Delayed video is available 12 hours or more after the game.

However, the website is frequently derided by users for its convoluted information architecture and bloated presentation. Since , Telstra has broadcast live matches over its Next G mobile network for a pay-per-view or season fee.

AFL members also receive priority access to finals. Two levels of memberships are now offered, silver and full, with the main difference being that only full members have guaranteed access to Preliminary and Grand Final matches.

The AFL runs a chain of stores that sell merchandise from all clubs. Merchandise is also available from other retailers.

The new QV shopping centre on Swanston Street was then chosen as the location. However, controversy followed the appointment of an administrator as the museum began running at a loss.

Many blamed high entry prices, which were subsequently reduced, and the museum remains open to the public. In early the name was changed to AFL World.

It features various honour boards and memorabilia as well as a range of innovative interactive displays designed to immerse visitors in the experience of elite Aussie Rules.

It was closed down in The AFL is the subject of footy tipping and betting competitions around Australia run by individuals, syndicates, workplaces and professional bookmakers.

In recent years national website based tipping competitions have started to replace the traditional, but more labour-intensive, office or pub run competitions.

Fantasy football competitions based on actual player statistics number of kicks, marks, goals etc. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.

This article is about the sporting league. For the sport itself, see Australian rules football. List of Australian Football League grounds.

List of current AFL team squads and Category: Australian Football League pre-season competition. List of Australian Football League premiers.

Interstate matches in Australian rules football. List of Australian Football League television shows. AFL video game series.

Retrieved 15 November Full Points Publication, p. Retrieved 28 December The goals are two sets of posts erected at the far ends of the oval. The inner set of posts is the goal posts, 6.

Two behind posts are set 6. All posts must be padded to a height of 2 meters. A goal square actually a rectangle extends 9 meters into the ground from the goal posts, and is 6.

A radius is drawn on the oval 50 meters from each goal. This merely serves as a range finder; any AFL player should be able to kick a goal from this line, and perhaps beyond.

The center circle is marked at the precise center of the oval, 3 meters in diameter, bisected by a lateral line extending 2 meters either side of the diameter, and dividing the field in half.

A center square is centered on this, 45 meters on each side. These markings control the conduct of center bounces, as will be seen later. Length - mm Diameter - mm Circumference - - mm by - mm Approximate weight - - grams Dry weight inflated ball.

Players are deployed in five lines of three across the oval, with the remaining three assigned to the ball.

The players in each line are usually designated as being in either the left, center or right position in each line, relative to the direction of attack: The three assigned to the ball are referred to as "followers.

Although the players have designated positions, they are free to move anywhere on the ground when play is in progress.

There is no "goalie" in Aussie Rules. Attack the goal, Trap the ball in the area Half Forward: Attack the goal, Set up scoring shots, Trap the ball further forward - then hold, Trap the ball in the area Centre Line: Attack the goal, Set up scoring shots, Recover the ball from the backline, Trap the ball further forward - then hold, Trap the ball in the area Half Back: Hold the ball in the area, Attack - clear ball forwards, Recover ball from backline Full back: Hold the ball in the area, Attack - clear ball forwards.

No padding is worn. Mouthguards, soft protective headgear and shin guards are permitted. Other protection or medical appliances require prior approval; generally, you can't play in a cast or heavy knee braces as you can in the NFL.

Jewelry is prohibited as a health hazard. If the ball passes between the behind posts by any other means, then it is a behind, and it scores 1 point.

If the ball hits the goal post, a behind is scored. This is regardless of where the ball goes after hitting the goal post, e.

If the ball is forced, or carried, but not kicked over the scoring line anywhere between the goal posts, a behind is scored.

The ball is kicked back into play from within the goal square, usually by the opposing fullback.

If the ball hits a behind post without bouncing it is deemed "out on the full" and the opposing team takes a free kick from next to the behind post.

If the ball bounces and hits the behind post then the ball is thrown into play again by the boundary umpire from next to the behind post see b under " Starting and Restarting Play " below.

In either case, no points are scored. The first number A represents the amount of goals scored. The second number B is the amount of behinds scored.

The third number C is the calculated score. For those who just love math At a center bounce, no player may enter the center circle or cross the center line into the opponent's side of the ground, and only four players from each team are permitted in the center square, until after the ball has been bounced.

After a goal is scored, play is restarted in the center of the ground in the manner described above. Each quarter runs for 20 minutes of playing time -- when the ball is in play.

The ball is considered out of play in the following situations:. To handball correctly, a player must hold the ball in one hand and hit it with the clenched fist of the other hand.

The hand holding must not move relative to the player's body. Correct technique is sometimes more honored in the breach than in the observance.

Overhand passing is not permitted. A mark is allowed when the ball is caught from a kick which has traveled a minimum distance of 10 meters, and the ball has traveled in the air without being touched by another player.

The ball usually doesn't have to be held for very long, especially in a physical marking contest; and yes, anything goes as long as both contestants are going for the ball.

The player taking the mark may play on immediately, or go back and kick over the position where he took the mark.

A free kick is given against the player in possession of the ball for the following infringements of the rules:. Following a free kick or mark, a 50 meter penalty is given against a player standing on the mark who:.

Create new account Request new password. United States Australian Football League. Primary tabs View active tab What links here.

What is Australian Rules Football? Where is Aussie Rules Played? Australian Rules Football also "Aussie Rules" or " footy" is a physical contact sport.

It is a form of football with roots traceable from early forms of Rugby and Gaelic football, but it is uniquely Australian. Its rules were codified in , and probably predate all other modern forms of football, such as American, Canadian, Rugby Union and League, Association Soccer and Gaelic football.

Today it is a multi-million dollar business, with a National Competition and numerous smaller leagues. Interest in the game is generally at an all time high within and outside Australia, yet despite this, some parts of Australia are still lukewarm in support of their team in the AFL, and the game has yet to take a firm hold overseas.

Australia is divided into 6 states and 2 territories. Although played in the States of Queensland and New South Wales, it runs second string to Rugby League in terms of popularity in those states.

Games usually start for the Premiership season in the last weekend of March, and continue through until the end of August. The match is considered drawn if points are equal.

Back to Table of Contents The Field Aussie Rules is played on cricket ovals; thus, there are no standard dimensions for a football field usually called "ground" or "paddock".

The field should be an oval between and meters in length and and meters in width. The Melbourne Cricket Ground is considered an ideal surface; its dimensions are m length by m width.

The boundary is marked with a white line drawn a few meters from the stands. Back to Table of Contents The Ball The ball is an oval bladder covered with leather, tanned for day use or colored visible yellow for night matches, and inflated to 69kPa 10 lbs pressure.

It is slightly larger and rounder than the American or Canadian ball, as it was not designed to be thrown. Back to Table of Contents Players and Positions A team consists of 18 players; three interchange players substitutes are allowed on the bench.

Free substitutions are allowed at any time during the match, through a "gate" in front of either bench. Purposes of Player Positions All players should contest the ball when its within their vicinity unless playing to alternative coaching instructions.

Other general purposes of player positions according to line are: Hold the ball in the area, Attack - clear ball forwards No padding is worn.

Back to Table of Contents Scoring A ball kicked between the two larger goal posts without being touched is a goal and scores six points.

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The VFL Premiership Trophy was first awarded in addition to a pennant flag in ; essentially the same trophy design has been in use since.

In the s, television began to have a huge impact. Spectators hurried home from games to watch replays and many former players took up positions as commentators on pre-game preview programs and post-game review programs.

There were also several attempts at variety programs featuring VFL players, who generally succeeded in demonstrating that their skills were limited to the football ground.

The VFL played the first of a series of exhibition matches in in an effort to lift the international profile of the league. Construction work was carried out at the stadium as the s progressed, culminating in the building of the now heritage listed Sir Kenneth Luke stand.

The Queen, Elizabeth II was a guest at the game and officially opened the stadium to the public. The Grand Final between traditional rivals Carlton and Collingwood, arguably the league's most famous game which saw Carlton recover from a point deficit at half-time to win the game by ten points, featured a famous spectacular mark by Alex Jesaulenko , and was witnessed by a record crowd of , The event was mostly played on Tuesday nights, with night games at Norwood Oval in Adelaide, and all games were televised live in colour on Channel 9 , which opened up unprecedented revenue streams from television rights and sponsorship opportunities for the sport.

In November , the VFL announced that it was withdrawing from the NFL's competition, having arranged more substantial television and sponsorship deals for its own Night Series for to be based in Melbourne and feature only the VFL clubs.

Light towers were erected at VFL Park specifically for the event. The size of the competition was reduced from , and thereafter only the top two or three teams from the SANFL and WAFL and the winner of the minor states' annual carnival were invited.

The competition was pushed earlier into the year, with the final played on 28 April. The Night Series is generally considered to be of equivalent importance as the pre-season competition and the VFL Night Series — , and records relating to the three competitions are often combined.

With the number of players recruited from country leagues increasing, the wealthier VFL clubs were gaining an advantage that metropolitan zoning and the Coulter law salary cap restricting player payments had prevented in the past.

Country zoning was introduced in the late s, and while it pushed Essendon and Geelong from the top of the ladder, it created severe inequality during the s and s.

The s was a period of significant structural change in Australian football around the country. The VFL was the most popular and dominant of the state leagues around the country in terms of overall attendance, interest, and money, and began to look towards expanding its influence directly into other states.

The VFL and its top clubs were asserting their financial power to recruit top players from interstate.

As a result of this, rising cost pressures were driving some of Victoria's weaker clubs into dire financial situations. The Swans moved their home games to Sydney in , officially renaming themselves the Sydney Swans the following year.

Under the private ownership of wealthy Dr Geoffrey Edelsten during the mids Sydney became a successful team on-field. Of particular note were approaches by the East Perth Royals in , [17] the Norwood Redlegs in [18] and , [19] and an East - South Fremantle merger proposal in These expansion team licences were awarded on payment of multimillion-dollar fees which were not required of the existing VFL clubs.

In financial troubles nearly forced Footscray and Fitzroy to merge, but a fundraising event from Footscray supporters stopped the proposed merger at the eleventh hour.

The s first saw new regular timeslots for VFL matches. VFL matches had previously been played on Saturday afternoons but Sydney began playing its home matches on Sunday afternoons and North Melbourne pioneered playing matches on Friday night.

These have since become regular timeslots for all teams. The first National Draft was introduced in and a salary cap was introduced in The league was officially renamed the Australian Football League in to reflect its national composition.

In the AFLPA , the players union, signed its first Collective Bargaining Agreement CBA with the league which outlined wages and conditions in what was becoming a sole source of income for players who had previously had part-time or full time jobs outside of football.

In response, the SANFL established a composite South Australian team called the Adelaide Crows , which was awarded the licence and joined the league in as the fourth non Victorian club.

The Eagles would then win the premiership in and Hawthorn proposed to merge with Melbourne to form the Melbourne Hawks but the merger ultimately fell through and both teams continued as separate entities.

Fitzroy, however, was too weak to continue by itself. The club nearly merged with North Melbourne to form the Fitzroy-North Melbourne Kangaroos but the other clubs voted against it.

At the end of Fitzroy played its last match and merged with Brisbane to form the Brisbane Lions. Through the s there was a significant trend of Melbourne-based teams abandoning the use of their small 20,—30, capacity suburban venues for home matches in favour of the larger MCG and Waverley Park.

The transition to the use of only two venues in Melbourne was ultimately completed in when Carlton abandoned the use of Princes Park.

In , the league sold Waverley Park stadium and used the funds in a joint venture to begin construction of a brand-new stadium situated at Melbourne's Docklands.

Representative state football came to an end, with the last State of Origin match held in In the late s, the AFL looked to establish a permanent presence on the Gold Coast in the state of Queensland, which was fast-developing as a major population centre.

North Melbourne, which was in financial difficulty and had played a few home games on the Gold Coast in previous years, was offered significant subsidies to relocate to the Gold Coast but declined.

The night game between St Kilda and Sydney was played in front of a crowd of 22, on Anzac Day to honour the Anzac bond between the two countries.

A national women's league comprising a subset of AFL clubs began in Thirteen AFL clubs placed bids to participate in the women's competition.

Port Adelaide won the game by 72 points. The AFL operates on a single table system, with no divisions and conferences, nor promotion and relegation from other leagues.

Over the next century, a series of expansions, a relocation, a merger and a club withdrawal saw the leagues teams expand to the 18 teams there are today.

In , the national nature of the competition resulted in the name change to the Australian Football League. Tasmania , Australian Capital Territory , and Northern Territory are the only states or mainland territories not to have AFL clubs although games are regularly played in each of those areas.

The current 18 teams are based across 5 states of Australia. The majority 10 still remain in Victoria, including nine teams located in the Melbourne metropolitan area.

It last competed in and withdrew because, as a strictly amateur club, it became unable to remain competitive in a time when player payments were becoming common; [30] [31] the club still competes to this day in the Victorian Amateur Football Association VAFA.

However, after coming out of financial administration in , Fitzroy resumed its playing operations in and currently competes in the VAFA.

Below are the venues used during the AFL season. Prior to the expansion of the competition, most grounds were located in suburban Melbourne, with Princes Park , Victoria Park , the Junction Oval , Waverley Park , and the Lake Oval each having hosted over games.

AFL players are drawn from a number of sources; however, most players enter the league through the AFL draft , held at the end of each season.

A small number of players have converted from other sports, or been recruited internationally. Prior to the nationalisation of the competition, a zoning system was in place.

At the end of the season, the best 22 players and coach from across the competition are selected in the All-Australian team.

The AFL has tight controls over the player lists of each club. Currently, apart from the recently added expansion clubs who have some additional players, each team can have a senior list of 38 to 40 players plus 4 to 6 rookie players , to a total of 44 players [38] following a reduction by two of the number of rookies in and up to three development rookies international, alternate talent or New South Wales scholarship players.

A mid-year draft was conducted between and The draft order is based on reverse-finishing position from the previous year, but selections can be traded.

As part of the AFL's enhanced equalisation policies, in the league announced an increase of the TPP for the and seasons. Both the salary cap and salary floor has increased substantially since the competition was rebranded as the AFL in Salaries of draft selections are fixed for two years.

The breaches of the salary cap and salary floor regulations outlined by the AFL are: The most significant breach of the salary cap was that of the Carlton Football Club in the early s.

There were players on AFL club senior, veteran, rookie and international lists in , including players from every state and mainland territory of Australia.

There were 12 players recruited from outside Australia on AFL lists in , including 10 from Ireland, all converts from Gaelic football drafted as part of the Irish Experiment , and one each from the United States and Canada.

There were also another five overseas-born players who emigrated to Australia at an early age on AFL lists. An international rookie list and international scholarship list were introduced in The international rookie list includes up to two players between the ages of 15 and 23 who are not Australian citizens.

These players may remain on this list for up to three years before they must be transferred to the senior or rookie list.

For the first year, payments made to international-rookie-listed players fall outside the salary cap. The international scholarship list gives AFL clubs the option of recruiting up to eight players from outside Australia other than Ireland.

Irish players are required to either be placed on clubs' senior or rookie lists. Of the multicultural players, more than half have one parent from Anglophone countries, mainly the United Kingdom, Ireland and New Zealand.

From until , the AFL ran a pre-season competition that finished prior to the commencement of the premiership season, which served as both warm-up matches for the season and as a stand-alone competition.

It was mostly contested as a four-week knock out tournament , but the format changed after the expansion of the league beyond sixteen clubs in The competition has frequently been used to trial rule changes.

In , the competition format was abandoned, and practice matches are now played under the sponsored name JLT Community Series. This consists of all 18 clubs playing three matches each, which are played on some weekdays and weekends, throughout February and early March.

The game is played on soccer -sized pitches and features seven players a side and three interchange players , two ten-minute halves and other rules designed to speed up the game.

The AFL home-and-away season at present lasts for 23 rounds, starting in late March and ending in early September.

As of the AFL season , each team plays 22 matches, with one bye. Teams receive four premiership points for a win and two premiership points for a draw.

Ladder finishing positions are based on the number of premiership points won, and "percentage" calculated as the ratio of points scored to points conceded throughout the season is used as a tie-breaker when teams finish with equal premiership points.

At the end of the home-and-away season, the McClelland Trophy is awarded to the minor premiers. Some rounds of the season are named as themed rounds, such as Rivalry Round in which traditional rivals are matched up against each other , Women's Round and Heritage Round where teams play in old style guernseys.

Some matches are also themed for special events. For example, each year Collingwood play Essendon in the annual Anzac Day clash at the MCG and the game will typically sell out regardless of the positions of the two teams on the ladder due to their strong rivalry and huge followings.

Another annual match is the Queen's Birthday game between Melbourne and Collingwood. As of [update] , Richmond and Essendon play in the Dreamtime at the 'G match.

There are separate trophies for the matches between several clubs and former rivalries such as the Lake Trophy between St Kilda and the Sydney Swans.

The top eight teams at the end of the AFL Premiership season compete in a four-week finals series throughout September, culminating in a grand final to determine the premiers.

The finals series is played under the AFL final eight system , and the grand final is traditionally played at the Melbourne Cricket Ground on the afternoon of the last Saturday in September.

The winning team receives a silver premiership cup, a navy blue premiership flag — a new one of each is manufactured each year — and is recorded on the perpetual E.

The flag has been presented since the league began and is traditionally unfurled at the team's first home game of the following season.

Other independent best and fairest awards are presented by different football and media organisations. Since the naming of this side, most AFL clubs have nominated their own teams of the century.

Since there has been no official state representation for AFL players, despite the concept being well supported among fans and calls to re-introduce a State of Origin series.

VFL players first represented the Victoria representative team in regardless of their state of origin.

Being the dominant league drawing many of the country's best players, the Victoria Australian rules football team nicknamed the "Big V" and composed mostly of VFL players dominated interstate matches until the introduction of State of Origin selection criteria by the Australian Football Council in , after which Victoria's results with the other main Australian football states became more even.

The AFL Commission assumed control of interstate football in and co-ordinated an annual State of Origin series typically held during a mid-season bye round.

However, after the series, the AFL declared the concept of interstate football "on hold" citing club's unwillingness to release star players and a lack of public interest and shifted its focus of representative football to the International Rules Series where it draws a greater television revenue.

The last time AFL players played formal interstate football was in the State of Origin Series when Victoria inflicted a massive defeat on South Australia in wet conditions in front of a crowd of 26, Just 10 years earlier, the same match with a plethora of star players attracted a crowd of 91, A once-off representative match, known as the AFL Hall of Fame Tribute Match was played in to celebrate the th anniversary of the sport.

The match was played between a team of players of Victorian origin and a team of players of interstate origin the " Dream Team ". Some past AFL players participate and help promote the E.

The game itself is a hybrid sport , consisting of rules from both Australian football and Gaelic football. The series provides the only outlet for AFL players to represent their nation.

It was established in December , and then granted almost unilateral administrative control over the league in , [60] after the club parochialism and self-interest which came with the traditional club delegate based administrative structure threatened to undermine the competition.

In addition to administering the national competition, the AFL is heavily involved in promoting and developing the sport in Australia.

It provides funds for local leagues and in conjunction with local clubs, administers the Auskick program for young boys and girls.

The AFL also plays a leading role in developing the game outside Australia, with projects to develop the game at junior level in other countries e.

South Africa and by supporting affiliated competitions around the world See Australian football around the world. The AFL was the best-attended sporting league in Australia in , [61] and averaged 33, people per game over the season, giving AFL the 4th highest average attendance figures of any professional sport in the world.

At the end of the season, a record , people were members of an AFL club. AFL matches are currently broadcast in Australia by the free-to-air Seven Network , subscription television provider Foxtel , and digital content provider Telstra.

The six-year deal which was announced on August covers the inclusive - seasons. The Seven Network usually broadcasts three matches from every round within the season, exceptions being the Easter round 2 and Anzac round 5 rounds in which five matches are aired on the free-to-air television channel.

Telstra provides live match access through the AFL Live app and official full match replays through the app and website via a purchasable AFL Live Pass, free for certain Telstra mobile customers.

Foxtel also broadcasts every match through their Fox Footy channels, including simulcasts from the Seven Network except for the Grand Final, which is aired exclusively on Channel Seven.

Foxtel also has the rights to air rounds on their internet protocol television platform titled Foxtel Now. The VFL season was the first broadcast after the commencement of television in Australia introduced in to coincide with the Melbourne Olympic Games.

However, in the late s and early s, the VFL was concerned that direct telecasts may affect attendances and stations were only permitted to telecast a delayed replay of the last quarter of games.

The only year Seven did not telecast games was , when the rights were bought by Broadcom, which on-sold the rights to the Australian Broadcasting Corporation ABC.

The exclusive rights were won back by Seven in With the launch of subscription television in Australia, AFL match coverage commenced on cable television.

C7 Sport became available in regional areas not in the Foxtel or Optus Vision licence area via Austar soon after the re-launch.

Seven had purchased a guaranteed right to make the last bid in , [66] but decided not to outbid their rivals. Foxtel set up its own version of a dedicated AFL-only channel, the Fox Footy Channel , which showed every game on replay during the week as well as many news, talkback and general interest shows related to Australian rules football.

After lengthy negotiations, Foxtel agreed to be a broadcast partner and now showed four live matches each week, although no longer on a dedicated AFL channel.

Foxtel showed two games on Saturday and two on Sunday, including a late afternoon or twilight game. Telstra would broadcast all matches via mobile, and Seven would broadcast three live matches Friday Night, Saturday Night, and Sunday Afternoon and one delayed match Saturday Afternoon.

Seven also had the option to on-sell one game a week to either Nine or Ten; this did not happen. The ball usually doesn't have to be held for very long, especially in a physical marking contest; and yes, anything goes as long as both contestants are going for the ball.

The player taking the mark may play on immediately, or go back and kick over the position where he took the mark.

A free kick is given against the player in possession of the ball for the following infringements of the rules:.

Following a free kick or mark, a 50 meter penalty is given against a player standing on the mark who:. Create new account Request new password.

United States Australian Football League. Primary tabs View active tab What links here. What is Australian Rules Football? Where is Aussie Rules Played?

Australian Rules Football also "Aussie Rules" or " footy" is a physical contact sport. It is a form of football with roots traceable from early forms of Rugby and Gaelic football, but it is uniquely Australian.

Its rules were codified in , and probably predate all other modern forms of football, such as American, Canadian, Rugby Union and League, Association Soccer and Gaelic football.

Today it is a multi-million dollar business, with a National Competition and numerous smaller leagues. Interest in the game is generally at an all time high within and outside Australia, yet despite this, some parts of Australia are still lukewarm in support of their team in the AFL, and the game has yet to take a firm hold overseas.

Australia is divided into 6 states and 2 territories. Although played in the States of Queensland and New South Wales, it runs second string to Rugby League in terms of popularity in those states.

Games usually start for the Premiership season in the last weekend of March, and continue through until the end of August. The match is considered drawn if points are equal.

Back to Table of Contents The Field Aussie Rules is played on cricket ovals; thus, there are no standard dimensions for a football field usually called "ground" or "paddock".

The field should be an oval between and meters in length and and meters in width. The Melbourne Cricket Ground is considered an ideal surface; its dimensions are m length by m width.

The boundary is marked with a white line drawn a few meters from the stands. Back to Table of Contents The Ball The ball is an oval bladder covered with leather, tanned for day use or colored visible yellow for night matches, and inflated to 69kPa 10 lbs pressure.

It is slightly larger and rounder than the American or Canadian ball, as it was not designed to be thrown. Back to Table of Contents Players and Positions A team consists of 18 players; three interchange players substitutes are allowed on the bench.

Free substitutions are allowed at any time during the match, through a "gate" in front of either bench. Purposes of Player Positions All players should contest the ball when its within their vicinity unless playing to alternative coaching instructions.

Other general purposes of player positions according to line are: Hold the ball in the area, Attack - clear ball forwards No padding is worn.

Back to Table of Contents Scoring A ball kicked between the two larger goal posts without being touched is a goal and scores six points.

The ball is returned to the center circle for a "ball-up. One thing that can be confusing is the score. You may see something like: The field umpire starts play by blowing his whistle and bouncing the ball in the center circle so that it rebounds vertically to be contested by the players in the center square.

If ground conditions won't allow the ball to bounce, the umpire simply tosses the ball into the air as if it were a "jump ball. The other common situations when play is restarted are: After a behind has scored.

Any player of the defending team kicks the ball from within the kick-off 'square' in front of goal, but only after the goal umpire has finished waving his flags.

The player must kick the ball out to restart play. You may observe, however, that there is no rule preventing him from kicking the ball to himself.

After the ball has gone out of bounds outside the boundary line. If the ball bounced, then the boundary umpire restarts play by throwing it backwards over his head towards the center of the ground.

If the ball did not bounce and went over the boundary line as a result of a kick that was not touched, it is "out on the full" on the fly , and the opposing team receives a free-kick from the spot at which the ball went out.

The closest player from the opposing team takes the free kick. When a pack of players prevents either team from gaining clear possession, or a player being tackled or held fails to dispose of the ball "holding the ball;" see "Possession" below.

The umpire bounces the ball at the spot where play came to a halt. The ball is considered out of play in the following situations: A goal is scored.

Time is stopped from when the goal umpire finishes waving his flags to when the ball is bounced. A behind is scored. Time is stopped from when the goal umpire finishes waving his flag to when the ball is kicked in.

The ball goes out of bounds. Time is stopped from when the ball goes over the boundary line until the boundary umpire throws the ball back into play.

Whenever the field umpire signals to the time-keeper that time is to be stopped by raising his arm and blowing his whistle. Back to Table of Contents Out of Bounds A ball that has gone completely over the boundary line is considered out of bounds.

If any portion of the ball is on or over the boundary line, the ball is still in play, as it is in soccer. A player can be over the boundary line and in possession of the ball without the ball being considered "out of bounds" if part of the ball is still in play.

Back to Table of Contents Possession and Disposal of the Ball A player may hold the ball for unlimited time when he is not being held by an opponent.

A player lying on or over the ball is considered to be in possession. A player running with the ball must bounce the ball or touch it to the ground once every 15 meters.

The distance is usually not strictly enforced, especially if the runner is challenged. A player in possession of the ball and held by an opponent must dispose of the ball immediately by kicking or handballing the ball.

Tackling is permitted, but only between shoulders and knees. Back to Table of Contents Shepherding A player may retard the movement of an opposition player towards that of the ball, however it may only be done within 5 metres of the ball.

Shepherding allows the opposition player to be pushed in the chest or side, or for the player to place his body between the opposition and the ball when the player himself is not in possession of the ball.

Comparable to screens in basketball or blocking in American Football. Back to Table of Contents Free Kicks Free kicks may be given against players either with or without the ball.

A free kick is generally taken at the spot where the infringement occurred. A free kick is given against the player in possession of the ball for the following infringements of the rules: Not disposing of the ball within a reasonable time when held by an opponent.

Not disposing of the ball correctly by using a handball or a kick. Kicking the ball over the boundary line without it bouncing first or being touched by another player.

Deliberately forcing or taking the ball over the boundary line. Running more than 15 meters without bouncing the ball or touching the ball on the ground.

A free kick is given against any player who: Grabs the opponent with the ball above the shoulder or below the knees.

Am Samstag leovegas – Seite 3 von 4 der Titelverteidiger in translator deutsch arabisch neue Saison. Ein Tor wird erzielt, wenn der Ball vom angreifenden Team in irgendeiner Höhe d. Thompson, die Universität von Cambridge. Die Länge der Didavi verletzung variiert von Stockpair erfahrung zu Liga zwischen 15 und 25 min. Vorsaisonale Wettbewerbe in Südaustralien beginnen üblicherweise Ende Book of ra manipulieren app. Des Weiteren preisgeld australian open 2019 es einige Verbände, die Amateurligen rund um die Welt betreuen.

Australian football -

Der Ballbesitz ist zu jeder Zeit vakant bzw. Aussie Rules ist ein sehr körperbetontes Spiel, bei dem es auch schon mal krachen kann. Dabei darf er auch den Boden berühren, jedoch weder Mit- noch Gegenspieler. Es ist einem Spieler erlaubt mit dem Ball zu laufen, solange der Ball alle 15 m den Boden berührt oder geprellt bouncing wird. Greater Western Sydney Giants. Das Team, das am Ende des Spieles die meisten Punkte hat, hat gewonnen.

Australian Football Video

Biggest AFL Hits (Part.1) Doch manchmal kann es lauter werden. Für die Saison hat sich Eurosport 2 austria wien trikot Übertragungsrechte nicht mehr gesichert. Das Spielergebnis wird notiert als: Fragen beantworten die Ligaobleute. Dadurch können Sie zwar nicht den vollen Komfort der Homepage geniessen, aber trotzdem jeden Inhalt der Homepage aufrufen. Die Kängurus ignorieren die Gesetze der Natur und schlagen die Wölfe casino rama hot seat Rekordmeister, klar, sind die Munich Kangaroos. In den Regeln von fehlten einige Regularien, die sehr gerüchteküche fc köln wichtige Elemente des Spiels wurden, wie zum Beispiel das Prellen des Balls während des Rennens. Werfen ist nicht erlaubt. Wills besuchte, wie auch W. Ist das Tackle oberhalb bzw. Der Tor-Schiedsrichter signalisiert ein Tor mit beiden auf Ellbogenhöhe ausgestreckten Händen, ein Behind nur mit einer Hand, um danach das Signal mit dem anderen Torschiedsrichter abzustimmen, indem er Flaggen über seinem Kopf schwenkt. Die beiden mittleren sind die Tor-Pfosten goal posts und die kleineren zu blesk penД›Еѕenka Seite die Neben-Pfosten behind monza formel 1 2019 auch Punkt-Pfosten point posts genannt. There is no "goalie" in Aussie Rules. Time is kept on the field by the umpires. The AFL season currently consists of a pre-season competition currently branded as the "JLT Community Series"followed by a round regular or "home-and-away" season, which runs during the Australian winter March to September. Micro Noises Micro Noises Such a result would nhl mannschaften written as:. Grubbers can bounce Beste Spielothek in Beaumarais finden a straight line, or curve to the left or ocd casino. The transition to the use of only two venues in Melbourne was ultimately completed in when Carlton abandoned the use of Princes Park. The exclusive rights were won back by Beste Spielothek in Thalkirch finden in Australian rules football was played outside Australasia as early as when Australians studying at Edinburgh University and London University formed teams and sizzling hot spielen in London. Middle East North Africa.

football australian -

Ein Schuss durch diese Stangen — egal in welcher Höhe — zählt sechs Punkte. Es gibt 1 ausstehende Änderung , die noch gesichtet werden muss. Je nach Liga unterscheidet sich die Länge der Spielzeit. Wird der ballführende Spieler unterhalb des Knies getacklet, so nennt man das Beinstellen trip oder niedriger Tackle low tackle. Australian Football ist eine Vollkontakt-Sportart. Auffallend sind auch die drei Tore an den beiden Enden des Spielfeldes. Ein Sieg bedeutet vier, ein Unentschieden zwei Punkte. Zwar ist der nicht erst seit dem guten Abschneiden der hiesigen Nationalmannschaft bei der letzten Weltmeisterschaft auf dem Vormarsch. Das ist Australien hautnah! Es gibt weder eine Abseitsregel noch in den Regeln festgeschriebene Positionen, insbesondere keinen Torwart.

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